Gulf of Guinea
Both at sea and on land, the Danish Armed Forces contributes to improve maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea, where merchant ships are at risk of pirate attacks.
A Danish frigate patrolled the Gulf of Guinea for protecting merchant shipping from November 2021 until February 2022. Photo: Anders Fridberg / Armed Forces
The Danish Armed Forces contributes to improve the safety of shipping in the Gulf of Guinea, one of the world's most risky areas for civilian shipping.
As the world's fifth largest maritime nation, Denmark takes a special interest in protecting civilian shipping and the right to free navigation. On average, up to 30-40 Danish-operated ships sail through the Gulf of Guinea on a daily basis, and they transport goods worth almost DKK 10 billion a year. In 2020, about 40% of the world's total number of pirate attacks and armed robberies took place at sea in the countries around the Gulf of Guinea.
Currently, the Armed Forces supports the efforts against piracy with capacity building of the military forces of the coastal states. Local forces play a key role in the fight against piracy in the Gulf of Guinea because a part of the pirate attacks in the gulf take place in the territorial waters of the coastal states, where foreign naval vessels are not authorized to operate without the permission of the coastal states. It it is an objective that the coastal states to a greater extent can maintain maritime security in the region themselves. Therefore, the capacity-building activities financed through the Peace and Stabilization Fund are an important part of the Armed Forces' efforts in the Gulf of Guinea. Capacity building activities in the Gulf of Guinea have been under way since 2016.
The Armed Forces has initiated training and education of the Ghana Special Boat Service and training of staff at the Multinational Maritime Coordination Centers in the region. In 2021, the Special Operations Command, the Defense Academy and the Navy Command participated in Exercise Obangame Express.
From November 2021 until February 202 the Danish frigate Esbern Snare patrolled the Gulf Of Guinea to protect the civilian shipping.
Operation strengthThe Peace- and Stabilisation Fund
Period of timeFra 2016