Since 2015, the Danish Armed Forces had contributed troops to the NATO-led mission Resolute Support. Prior to 2015, from 2002 to 2014, Denmark contributed troops to the Operation Enduring Freedom and International Security and Assistance Forces (ISAF) missions.
Denmark withdrew its last troops from Afghanistan in June 2021 following a NATO decision from april 2021 to withdraw all soldiers supporting the Resolute Support mission within af few month.
The purpose of the Resolute Support Mission is to strengthen the Afghans' ability to maintain their own security. The mission is not a combat mission, but it focuses on training, advising and supporting Afghan security forces and other national institutions.
The Danish advisers was affiliated with several of the Afghan defence schools. Danish instructors also supported the building of the Afghan Air Force. The Danish advisers and mentors was supported by a security and escort contribution, which was responsible for transport and safety when advisers and mentors traveled around Kabul.
Denmark also contributed to Resolute Support with officers at the mission's headquarters and with a force from the military police, which constitutes the police authority at Kabul International Airport - Hamid Karzai International Airport. In addition, Denmark had a national support element that supported all Danes in Kabul.
Denmark has contributed to various international military missions in Afghanistan since 2002.
Soldiers from the Jaeger Corps and the Frogmand Corps were part of Operation Enduring Freedom when the United States overthrew the Afghan Taliban regime after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Denmark also supported the American-led war with fighter and transport aircraft.
From 2002 to 2014, Denmark, as part of the NATO-led International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF), helped to fight rebel forces and support the Afghan government. Efforts included clearing mines and other explosives in Kabul, supporting the building of Afghan security forces and supporting international stabilization efforts in various provinces in Afghanistan.
From 2006 to 2014, Danish soldiers participated in very fierce combat operations in the southern Helmand province to fight rebel forces.
From 2012, the Danish soldiers gradually moved to a more withdrawn role, where the emphasis was gradually placed on training Afghan security forces. At the end of 2014, the Afghans themselves took over responsibility for security in Afghanistan, and from the beginning of 2015, ISAF was replaced by the Resolute Support Mission.